Obesity has long been linked to an increased risk for developing sleep apnoea, a potentially life-threatening condition in which breathing stops hundreds of times per night. But the findings of a recent Australian study indicate that men who consume high-fat diets are more likely to suffer from sleep apnoea.
Sleep Apnoea and Fat: The Study
As part of an ongoing study into the association between a fatty diet and sleep in men, researchers at the University of Adelaide assembled data—including dietary and sleep information—on more than 1,800 male participants between the ages of 35 and 80. Researchers then made adjustments for “demographic and lifestyle factors, and chronic diseases” and found that those with the highest fat intakes were found to suffer from a variety of sleep-related problems.
Men with high-fat diets reported greater instances of daytime sleepiness and difficulty sleeping at night, and were found to suffer from a higher rate of sleep apnoea than those who consumed less fat. In total, about 54 percent of participants had mild to moderate sleep apnoea, while 25 percent had moderate to severe sleep apnoea.
Sleep Apnoea Symptoms and Risk Factors
Interestingly, fewer study participants than were found to have sleep apnoea reported symptoms such as daytime drowsiness or poor sleep quality. Forty-one percent of the men reported daytime sleepiness, while 47 percent indicated they regularly slept poorly.
This signifies the importance of being aware of other sleep apnoea symptoms and risk factors; many afflicted with sleep apnoea are unaware they suffer from this dangerous sleep disorder. In addition to breathing interruptions and daytime fatigue, sleep apnoea is often characterized by:
- Chronic snoring
- Abrupt awakenings with a sensation of choking or gasping for air
- Waking regularly with a dry mouth and/or sore throat
- Morning headaches
- Difficulty remaining focused
While this study focused on men, and it is true that men are more likely to develop sleep apnoea, women can experience sleep apnoea as well. Women’s risk for sleep apnoea also increases with obesity. Though obesity greatly heightens the risk for the onset of sleep apnoea, not everyone with sleep apnoea is overweight.
Treating Sleep Apnoea
For decades, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices have been the standard for treating sleep apnoea. CPAP provides a consistent airflow during sleep via a mask connected to a circulator.
Unfortunately, many people find the mask cumbersome and discontinue its use before therapy can be effective. Today, some dentists are able to effectively and comfortably treat sleep apnoea with the use of an oral appliance.
These form-fitting appliances are custom made for your individual bite, and they are designed to hold your jaw in an optimal position during sleep to maintain an open air passage. Oral appliances have been recommended as a first line of treatment for many instances of sleep apnoea by an international review panel.
At My Hills Dentist, Sydney dentist Dr. David Lee has extensive experience treating snoring and sleep apnoea, and helping patients restore restful sleep. If you or a loved one suffers from recurring snoring or other sleep apnoea symptoms, please call our Baulkham Hills office at (02) 9686 7375 to schedule your appointment.